• Aluminium was discovered in 1825 by the Danish physicist Hans Christian Ørsted.
  • The name “aluminium” derives from the Latin word “alumen” (Alaun).
  • Aluminium is the third most abundant chemical element and the most abundant metal in the Earth’s crust.
  • In 1827, the German chemist Friedrich Wöhler first succeeded in extracting pure aluminium in powder form. In this form, it was more expensive than gold at the time.
  • Aluminium has been produced in the form known today only since the mid-19th century.
  • Along with the original production of aluminium from bauxite, the recycling of aluminium waste also contributes significantly to aluminium production.
  • Aluminium is easy to form and work.

Defining characteristics of aluminium:

  • it is a shiny, silvery-white metal,
  • it is non-magnetic and soft,
  • unlike most other metals, it has a low density – it is “lightweight”,
  • it is a good electric current and heat conductor,
  • it is easy to forge and make thin (can be rolled to very thin foils),
  • it is non-toxic,
  • it is resistant to many acids, but not to seawater and lyes,
  • in pure form, it is not particularly strong; its mechanical strength can be enhanced by alloying with other metals.